Artemisinine

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Artemisinine are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Artemisinine?

The molecule Artemisinine presents a molecular formula of C15H22O5 and its IUPAC name is (1S,4S,5R,8S,9R,12S,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[10.3.1.04,13.08,13]hexadecan-10-one.

Artemisinine is a molecule that has shown promise in the treatment of cancer. It comes from from the herb Artemisia annua, and its anti-cancer properties were first discovered in China. Artemisinine is thought to work by targeting cancer cells and causing them to self-destruct. While more research is needed to confirm its efficacy, early studies have shown that it may be effective in treating a variety of cancers, including breast cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Artemisinine in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

Artemisinine BLUAFEHZUWYNDE-DKGJTOOQSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Artemisinine

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC name(1S,4S,5R,8S,9R,12S,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[10.3.1.04,13.08,13]hexadecan-10-one
InChI codeInChI=1S/C15H22O5/c1-8-4-5-11-9(2)12(16)17-13-15(11)10(8)6-7-14(3,18-13)19-20-15/h8-11,13H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t8-,9-,10+,11+,13-,14+,15-/m1/s1
InChI KeyBLUAFEHZUWYNDE-DKGJTOOQSA-N
SMILESC[C@@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H](C)C(=O)O[C@@H]3O[C@]4(C)CC[C@@H]1[C@]32OO4

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

  • 63968-64-9
  • Artemisinin, 18
  • Artemisinin,(S)
  • Artemisinine
  • Astemisinin
  • BDBM36349
  • CID452191
  • GNF-Pf-5341
  • N1827
  • NSC-369397
  • Qing Hau Sau

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:
  • ZINC100014791
  • AKOS015894973
  • CHEMBL567597
  • SCHEMBL60303

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC name(1S,4S,5R,8S,9R,12S,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[10.3.1.04,13.08,13]hexadecan-10-one
Molecular formulaC15H22O5
Molecular weight282.332
Melting point (ºC)
Boiling point (ºC)
Density (g/cm3)
Molar refractivity70.38
LogP2.4
Topological polar surface area54.0

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.