3-ethoxypropionitrile

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for 3-ethoxypropionitrile are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is 3-ethoxypropionitrile?

The molecule 3-ethoxypropionitrile presents a molecular formula of C5H9NO and its IUPAC name is 3-ethoxypropanenitrile.

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of 3-ethoxypropionitrile in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

3-ethoxypropionitrile DCWQZPJHHVLHSV-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
3-ethoxypropionitrile

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC name3-ethoxypropionitrile
InChI codeInChI=1S/C5H9NO/c1-2-7-5-3-4-6/h2-3,5H2,1H3
InChI KeyDCWQZPJHHVLHSV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESCCOCCC#N

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC name3-ethoxypropanenitrile
Molecular formulaC5H9NO
Molecular weight99.13
Melting point (ºC)
Boiling point (ºC)
Density (g/cm3)
Molar refractivity
LogP0.1
Topological polar surface area33

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.