Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone?

The molecule Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone presents a molecular formula of C8H5F3O and its IUPAC name is phenyl trifluoromethyl ketone.

Phenyl trifluoromethyl ketone (PTK) is a molecule with the chemical formula C8H5F3CO. It is a colorless liquid with a strong, unpleasant odor. PTK is used as a solvent and as a reagent in organic synthesis..

PTK is produced by the reaction of trifluoroacetic acid and phenylmagnesium bromide..

PTK is a highly fluorinated compound. The three fluorine atoms are strongly electronegative and make the molecule very polar. PTK is soluble in most organic solvents, but it is not very stable in water..

PTK is used as a solvent for many organic reactions, including the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and dyes. It is also used as a reaction medium for the production of fluoropolymers..

PTK is a dangerous chemical. It is a strong irritant and can cause burns. Inhaling PTK can cause coughing and difficulty breathing. PTK is also a fire hazard..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone KZJRKRQSDZGHEC-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Phenyl Trifluoromethyl Ketone

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC namephenyl trifluoromethyl ketone
InChI codeInChI=1S/C5H10O2/c1-3-4-7-5(2)6/h3-4H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyKZJRKRQSDZGHEC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESC(C(=O)c1ccccc1)(F)(F)F

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC namephenyl trifluoromethyl ketone
Molecular formulaC8H5F3O
Molecular weight174.12
Melting point (ºC)-
Boiling point (ºC)166
Density (g/cm3)1.240
Molar refractivity36.83
LogP2.4
Topological polar surface area26.3

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.