Dimethyl Fumarate

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Dimethyl Fumarate are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Dimethyl Fumarate?

The molecule Dimethyl Fumarate presents a molecular formula of C6H8O4 and its IUPAC name is dimethyl fumarate.

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a molecule used in the treatment of psoriasis and multiple sclerosis. DMF is a fumaric acid ester that is structurally similar to the naturally occurring compound fumaric acid. DMF considered to work by inhibiting the production of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-12 (IL-12). DMF is also thought to have antioxidant and neuroprotective properties. DMF exists as a topical cream, gel, or ointment, and as an oral capsule. The most common side effects of DMF are gastrointestinal, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. DMF can also cause dizziness, headache, and flushing..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Dimethyl Fumarate in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing


Dimethyl Fumarate LDCRTTXIJACKKU-ONEGZZNKSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Dimethyl Fumarate


Molecule descriptors

IUPAC namedimethyl fumarate
InChI codeInChI=1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC namedimethyl fumarate
Molecular formulaC6H8O4
Molecular weight144.125
Melting point (ºC)104
Boiling point (ºC)193
Density (g/cm3)-
Molar refractivity33.05
Topological polar surface area36.3

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.