3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for 3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is 3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile?

The molecule 3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile presents a molecular formula of C5H10N2 and its IUPAC name is 3-(dimethylamino)propanenitrile.

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of 3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile MTPJEFOSTIKRSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC name3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile
InChI codeInChI=1S/C5H10N2/c1-7(2)5-3-4-6/h3,5H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyMTPJEFOSTIKRSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESCN(C)CCC#N

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC name3-(dimethylamino)propanenitrile
Molecular formulaC5H10N2
Molecular weight98.15
Melting point (ºC)
Boiling point (ºC)
Density (g/cm3)
Molar refractivity
LogP0
Topological polar surface area27

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.