3-Methoxypropionitrile

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for 3-Methoxypropionitrile are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the 3-Methoxypropionitrile?

The molecule 3-Methoxypropionitrile presents a molecular formula of C4H7NO and its IUPAC name is 3-methoxypropionitrile.

3-Methoxypropionitrile is a molecule with the chemical structure CH3OCH2CN. It is a clear liquid at room temperature with a boiling point of 103°C and a melting point of -45°C. It is soluble in water and has a pKa of 9.68..

3-Methoxypropionitrile is used as a solvent and as a reagent in organic synthesis. It is also used as a polymerization inhibitor and as a corrosion inhibitor..

3-Methoxypropionitrile is a member of the class of nitriles known as alkyl nitriles. Alkyl nitriles are molecules that contain the nitrile functional group, which is a carbon-nitrogen triple bond..

The physical and chemical properties of 3-methoxypropionitrile make it a useful solvent for a variety of organic reactions. It is also a good choice of solvent for the polymerization of vinyl chloride..

3-Methoxypropionitrile is a relatively strong base, with a pKa of 9.68. This means that it can be used to catalyze the hydrolysis of amides and esters. It can also be used to deprotonate acid chlorides and anhydrides, which makes it a useful reagent for the synthesis of carboxylic acids..

3-Methoxypropionitrile is a good corrosion inhibitor. It has been shown to be effective in inhibiting the corrosion of iron, steel, and copper in aqueous solutions..

3-Methoxypropionitrile is a member of the class of nitriles known as alkyl nitriles. Alkyl nitriles are molecules that contain the nitrile functional group, which is a carbon-nitrogen triple bond. The physical and chemical properties of 3-methoxypropionitrile make it a useful solvent for a variety of organic reactions. It is also a good choice of solvent for the polymerization of vinyl chloride..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of 3-Methoxypropionitrile in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

3-Methoxypropionitrile OOWFYDWAMOKVSF-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
3-Methoxypropionitrile

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC name3-methoxypropionitrile
InChI codeInChI=1S/C8H16/c1-4-6-7-8(3)5-2/h5,8H,2,4,6-7H2,1,3H3
InChI KeyOOWFYDWAMOKVSF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESN#CCCOC

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC name3-methoxypropionitrile
Molecular formulaC4H7NO
Molecular weight85.1045
Melting point (ºC)-
Boiling point (ºC)165
Density (g/cm3)0.950
Molar refractivity22.18
LogP0.5
Topological polar surface area-

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.