Ethyl Benzoylformate

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Ethyl Benzoylformate are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Ethyl Benzoylformate?

The molecule Ethyl Benzoylformate presents a molecular formula of C10H10O3 and its IUPAC name is ethyl benzoylformate.

Ethyl benzoylformate is a molecule with the chemical formula C9H10O2. It is a colorless liquid with a strong, sweet odor. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in most organic solvents..

Ethyl benzoylformate is used as a flavor and fragrance ingredient in food, cosmetics, and cleaning products. It is also used as a plasticizer and as a solvent for paints, inks, and adhesives..

The molecule is created by the reaction of benzoyl chloride and ethyl alcohol..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Ethyl Benzoylformate in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing


Ethyl Benzoylformate QKLCQKPAECHXCQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Ethyl Benzoylformate


Molecule descriptors

IUPAC nameethyl benzoylformate
InChI codeInChI=1S/C5H12O/c1-4-6-5(2)3/h5H,4H2,1-3H3

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC nameethyl benzoylformate
Molecular formulaC10H10O3
Molecular weight178.185
Melting point (ºC)-
Boiling point (ºC)-
Density (g/cm3)1.120
Molar refractivity47.54
Topological polar surface area9.2

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.