Anthraquinone

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Anthraquinone are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Anthraquinone?

The molecule Anthraquinone presents a molecular formula of C14H8O2 and its IUPAC name is anthraquinone.

Anthraquinone is a molecule that can be found in a variety of different products. It is used as a dye, and is also a component of many laxatives and dyes. Anthraquinone is aquinone with two additional carbonyl groups. The molecule has a strong absorbance in the visible light range, giving it a deep blue color. It is insoluble in water, but is soluble in organic solvents. Anthraquinone is used as a dye in a number of different products, including laundry detergents, hair dyes, and inks. It is also used as a laxative, and is a component of some dyes..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Anthraquinone in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

Anthraquinone RZVHIXYEVGDQDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Anthraquinone

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC nameanthraquinone
InChI codeInChI=1S/C14H12O2/c15-13(11-7-3-1-4-8-11)14(16)12-9-5-2-6-10-12/h1-10,13,15H
InChI KeyRZVHIXYEVGDQDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESC1(=O)c2c(C(=O)c3c1cccc3)cccc2

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC nameanthraquinone
Molecular formulaC14H8O2
Molecular weight208.212
Melting point (ºC)284
Boiling point (ºC)380
Density (g/cm3)-
Molar refractivity59.75
LogP2.5
Topological polar surface area37.3

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.