4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for 4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the 4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone?

The molecule 4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone presents a molecular formula of C6H12O2 and its IUPAC name is 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone.

4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone is a molecule with the chemical formula C5H10O2. It is a clear, colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. It is miscible with water and most organic solvents..

This molecule is used as a solvent and as a reactant in the synthesis of other chemicals..

4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone is a clear, colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. It is miscible with water and most organic solvents..

This molecule has a variety of uses. It is used as a solvent and as a reactant in the synthesis of other chemicals. It is also used in the manufacture of plastics, resins, and adhesives..

This molecule is relatively stable. However, it is flammable and should be kept away from heat and ignition sources..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of 4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone SWXVUIWOUIDPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
4-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC name4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone
InChI codeInChI=1S/C8H7IO2/c1-6(10)11-8-4-2-7(9)3-5-8/h2-5H,1H3
InChI KeySWXVUIWOUIDPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILESC(C(O)(C)C)C(=O)C

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC name4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone
Molecular formulaC6H12O2
Molecular weight116.158
Melting point (ºC)-
Boiling point (ºC)166
Density (g/cm3)0.931
Molar refractivity32.36
LogP0.7
Topological polar surface area26.3

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.