Edrophonium

A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for Edrophonium are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.

What is the Edrophonium?

The molecule Edrophonium presents a molecular formula of C10H16NO+ and its IUPAC name is ethyl-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-dimethylazanium.

Edrophonium is a molecule that has been used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis, a condition characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. The drug works by inhibiting the action of acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This allows acetylcholine to build up in the nervous system, improving muscle function. Edrophonium is typically given as an injection or intravenous infusion..

3D structure

Cartesian coordinates

Geometry of Edrophonium in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.

2D drawing

 

Edrophonium VWLHWLSRQJQWRG-UHFFFAOYSA-O chemical compound 2D structure molecule svg
Edrophonium

 

Molecule descriptors

 
IUPAC nameethyl-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-dimethylazanium
InChI codeInChI=1S/C10H15NO/c1-4-11(2,3)9-6-5-7-10(12)8-9/h5-8H,4H2,1-3H3/p+1
InChI KeyVWLHWLSRQJQWRG-UHFFFAOYSA-O
SMILESCC[N+](C)(C)c1cccc(O)c1

Other names (synonyms)

IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.

One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.

Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.

In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.

  • (3-hydroxyphenyl)dimethylethylammonium
  • 3-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-N-ethylanilinium
  • 312-48-1
  • 70FP3JLY7N
  • AB00053796
  • AB00053796_15
  • Ammonium, ethyl(m-hydroxyphenyl)dimethyl-(8CI)
  • BDBM120262
  • BPBio1_000008
  • BSPBio_000006
  • BSPBio_002386
  • Benzenaminium, N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-
  • C06976
  • CCG-204602
  • DB01010
  • DivK1c_000809
  • EDROPHONIUM ION
  • ENLON-PLUS
  • ETHYL(M-HYDROXYPHENYL)DIMETHYLAMMONIUM
  • Edrophone Chloride
  • Edrophonium
  • Edrophonium Chloride, 3
  • Edrophonium cation
  • Edrophonum
  • Enlon
  • Ethyl-(3-hydroxy-phenyl)-dimethyl-ammonium
  • GTPL9073
  • IDI1_000809
  • KBio1_000809
  • KBio2_000922
  • KBio2_003490
  • KBio2_006058
  • KBioGR_001032
  • KBioSS_000922
  • Lopac-E-3256
  • Lopac0_000511
  • N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-N,N-dimethylanilinium
  • N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-N,N-dimethylbenzenaminium
  • NCGC00015409-01
  • NCGC00015409-02
  • NCGC00015409-03
  • NCGC00015409-04
  • NCGC00015409-05
  • NCGC00015409-06
  • NCGC00015409-07
  • NCGC00015409-08
  • NCGC00015409-15
  • NCGC00023975-03
  • NINDS_000809
  • Prestwick0_000083
  • Prestwick1_000083
  • Prestwick2_000083
  • Prestwick3_000083
  • Q3177745
  • Tensilon
  • cid_8307
  • edrophonium
  • ethyl-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-dimethylazanium

Reference codes for other databases

There exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:
  • ZINC1341
  • CAS-116-38-1
  • UNII-70FP3JLY7N
  • DTXSID4046943
  • CHEMBL1104
  • CHEBI:251408
  • SPBio_001220
  • SPBio_001945
  • SCHEMBL34790
  • Spectrum_000442
  • Spectrum2_001110
  • Spectrum4_000736
  • Spectrum5_001531

Physico-Chemical properties

IUPAC nameethyl-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-dimethylazanium
Molecular formulaC10H16NO+
Molecular weight166.24
Melting point (ºC)
Boiling point (ºC)
Density (g/cm3)
Molar refractivity52.66
LogP2.0
Topological polar surface area20.2

LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.

The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.

TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.

In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.

For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.