A summary of the most common chemical descriptors (InChI Key and SMILES codes) for (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid are summarized together with 3D and 2D structures and relevant physico-chemical properties.
Table of Contents
What is the (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid?
The molecule (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid presents a molecular formula of C4H9NO3 and its IUPAC name is (3R)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid.
R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is an organic molecule with the molecular formula C4H9NO3. It is a white, crystalline solid that is soluble in water. R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is a chiral molecule, meaning that it has two non-identical forms that are mirror images of each other. The two forms are called enantiomers. R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is the enantiomer of S-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid..
R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is an amino acid that is a component of some proteins. It is also a neurotransmitter in the brain. R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is an inhibitor of the enzyme monoamine oxidase. Monoamine oxidase is responsible for the breakdown of neurotransmitters in the brain..
R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid has been shown to have antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in animal studies. It has also been shown to improve memory and learning in animal studies..
R-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid is being studied as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease, depression, and anxiety..
Geometry of (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid in x, y and z coordinates (Å units) to copy/paste elsewhere. Generated with Open Babel software.
|IUPAC name||(3R)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid|
Other names (synonyms)
IUPAC nomenclature provides a standardized method for naming chemical compounds. Although this system is widely used in chemistry, many chemical compounds have also other names commonly used in different contexts. These synonyms can come from a variety of sources and are used for a variety of purposes.
One common source of synonyms for chemical compounds is the common or trivial names, assigned on the basis of appearance, properties, or origin of the molecule.
Another source of synonyms are historical or obsolete names employed in the past, however replaced nowadays by more modern or standardized names.
In addition to common and historical names, chemical compounds may also have synonyms that are specific to a particular field or industry.
- (-)-.GAMMA.-AMINO-.BETA.-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID
- (-)-gamma-amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid
- (3R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxy-butanoic acid
- (3R)-4-amino-3-hydroxy-butanoic acid;(R)-4-AMINO-3-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID
- (3R)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- (3r)-(-)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- (R)-(-)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- (R)-(-)-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- (R)-4-AMINO-3-HYDROXYBUTANOIC ACID
- (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- (R)-4-Amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid
- (r)-gamma-amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid
- .GAMMA.-AMINO-.BETA.-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID, (-)-
- Butanoic acid, 4-amino-3-hydroxy-, (3R)-
- L-.GAMMA.-AMINO-.BETA.-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID
- R(-)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid
- gamma-Amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid, (-)-
Reference codes for other databasesThere exist several different chemical codes commonly used in orded to identify molecules:
- CAS number (Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number) is a unique identifier is assigned to every chemical compound indexed in the CAS database.
- Beilstein: The Beilstein database is a comprehensive source of information on organic chemistry, including information on chemical structures, properties, and reactions. The Beilstein database assigns unique identifiers which can be used to identify compounds in scientific literature and other sources.
- ChEBI (Chemical Entities of Biological Interest): ChEBI is a database of small chemical molecules that are of interest in the field of biology.
- PubChem CID (Compound Identifier): PubChem is a database of chemical compounds that is maintained by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
- RTECS number (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances): The RTECS is a database of information on the toxic effects of chemicals, including information on their structures and properties.
- ChEMBL (Compound Bioactivity Data): ChEMBL is a database of bioactivity data for small molecules, including information on their properties and structures.
- CompTox Dashboard (Environmental Protection Agency): The CompTox Dashboard is a database of information on the toxicology and environmental effects of chemicals.
|IUPAC name||(3R)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid|
|Melting point (ºC)|
|Boiling point (ºC)|
|Topological polar surface area||83.6|
LogP and topological polar surface area (TPSA) values were estimated using Open Babel software.
The n-octanol/water partition coeficient (Kow) data is applied in toxicology and drug research. Kow values are used, to guess the environmental fate of persistent organic pollutants. High partition coefficients values, tend to accumulate in the fatty tissue of organisms. Molecules with a log(Kow) (or LogP) greater than 5 are considered to bioaccumulate.
TPSA values are the sum of the surface area over all polar atoms or molecules, mainly oxygen and nitrogen, also including hydrogen atoms.
In medicinal chemistry, TPSA is used to assess the ability of a drug to permeabilise cells.
For molecules to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (and act on receptors in the central nervous system), TPSA values below 90 Å2 are required. Thus, molecules with a polar surface area greater than 140 Å2 tend to be poorly permeable to cell membranes.